Experts

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Publications (22)

1A Power Mean Based Algorithm for Combining Multiple Alignment Tablesproblem. In particular, the power mean is equivalent to the geometric mean G when p→ 0 as shown in equation 2 below: G(a1, a2,...

2ABL: AiignmentBased Learning2000  Menno van Zaanena set of constituents using a normalized version, the geometric mean 4, rather than its product. (Caraballo and Charniak,...

3Statistical Language Modeling with Performance Benchmarks using Various Levels of SyntacticSemantic InformationNgram’ joint probability P (sel+ng)(wqWq−1) is to use the geometric mean based integration formula given for LSA in (Coccaro and...

4A Dynamic Language Model Based on Individual Word Domainssome features which are normally combined using the geometric mean. This noise has a zeroing effect upon the overall likelihood...

5Determining the Sentiment of Opinions2004  SooMin Kim,Eduard Hovywords, the sentiment will be positive. Model 2 is the geometric mean: Model 2: cwcpif wcpscP ij n i i cn = ×= ∏...

6PhraseBased Evaluation for Machine Translationfamous evaluation metric calculates an overall score via geometric mean of precisions on different ngrams. NIST (Doddington,...

7Optimizing for SentenceLevel BLEU+1 Yields Short Translationsbrevity penalty (BP), and (2) precision component (PC), the geometric mean of ngram precisions pn, 1 ≤ n ≤ N . The BP is defined...

8Using Collocations for Topic Segmentation and Link Detection2002  Olivier Ferretthe combination of these two factors is achieved by a geometric mean: å ×= i iitxtcoll wwcohwwgthwwght ),()()( (3) where...

9Probabilistic Models of VerbArgument Structure2002  Daniel Gildeaoptimized on the crossvalidation data. Perplexity is the geometric mean of the reciprocal of the probability assigned by the...

10A Unified Approach in SpeechtoSpeech Translation: Integrating Features of Speech recognition and Machine Translationthis study: • BLEU (Papineni et al., 2002): A weighted geometric mean of the ngram matches between test and reference sentences...